ANTENATAL CARE - TREATMENT

What is Ante Natal Care (ANC) ?

Antenatal care is the clinical assessment of the mother and fetus during pregnancy. It traditionally involves several routine visits approximately 12-16 for assessment of pregnant women before and during pregnancy.

The objective of antenatal care is to ensure the supervision of maternal and fetal well-being during pregnancy and identify and treat conditions that may threaten the health of the fetus/ newborn and mother. Also making available all appropriate choices to fulfill optimal potential, and providing all necessary support and preparation for a high-quality life after birth. Another objective of antenatal care is to help women approach pregnancy and birth as positive experiences.

Some of the Objective of Ante Natal Care

  • Maintenance of health of the mother during pregnancy.
  • Promote physical, mental and social well being of mother and child.
  • Ensure delivery of a full-term healthy baby.
  • Early detection of high-risk cases and minimizing risks by taking appropriate management.
  • Decrease maternal and infant mortality and morbidity.
  • Teach the mother about child care, nutrition, sanitation and hygiene.
  • Remove the stress and worries of the mother regarding the delivery process.
  • Prevent the development of complications through health education, adequate nutrition, exercise, vitamin intake, and appropriate medical and pharmaceutical intervention.
  • Screening for conditions and diseases such as anemia, STIs, HIV infection, mental health problems, and domestic violence.
  • Provide safe delivery for mother and educate mother about the physiology of pregnancy and labour through demonstrations, charts, and diagrams so that fear is removed and physiology improved.
  • Advice on family planning and motive for the couple about the need for family planning.
  • Predict possible problems during pregnancy and provide appropriate treatment.
  • Provide information on pregnancy and birth and discuss with the couple about the place, time and mode of the delivery provisionally and care of the newborn.
  • Ensure continued medical surveillance and prophylaxis.
  • Advice the mother about breast feeding, post natal care and immunization.
  • Advice and support to the women and her family for developing healthy home behaviors.

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