A new mother has to be provided with certain important tips in maintaining herself and new born child.

  • The importance of an Attendant to be nearby the mother for 24 hours

  • Recommended timing of postnatal visits.

  • The right eating habbits & nutritional advice and the food to avoid of new mother

  • The importance of having adequate rest & sleep

  • Advice regarding postpartum bleeding, when it is considered normal or excessive

  • What are the danger sign for mother and baby

  • Personal Hygiene & care of episiotomy

  • Advice regarding resuming of sexual relations & importance of birth spacing

  • Care over breastfeeding & breast care

  • Advice over immunization schedule of new born


Advise the mother and family to seek care immediately, day or night. They should not wait if the baby has any of these signs:

  • Difficulty in breathing or in drawing

  • Fever.

  • Bleeding

  • Yellow palms and soles of feet

  • Fits

  • Feels cold

  • Not feeding

  • Diarrhea

The mother and family should go to the health centre as soon as possible if a baby has any of the following signs:

  • Difficulty feeding (poor attachment, not suckling well)

  • Is taking less than 8 feeds in 24 hours.

  • Ulcers or thrush (white patches) in the mouth - explain that this is different from normal breast milk in the mouth

  • Irritated cord with pus or blood

  • Yellow eyes or skin.

  • Pus coming from the eyes or skin pustules


She should go to the hospital or health centre immediately, day or night.

SHE SHOULD NOT WAIT if she has any of the following danger signs:

  • Vaginal bleeding has increased

  • Fits

  • Fast or difficult breathing

  • Fever and too weak to get out of bed

  • Severe headaches with blurred vision

  • Calf pain, redness or swelling; shortness of breath or chest pain.

She should go to the health centre as soon as possible if she has any of the following signs

  • Swollen, red or tender breasts or nipples

  • Problems urinating, or leaking

  • Infection in the area of the wound (redness, swelling, pain, or pus in wound site)

  • Smelly vaginal discharge

  • Severe depression or suicidal behaviour (ideas, plan or attempt)

  • Increased pain or infection in the perineum